Friday, 26 May 2017

Oceanography, also known as oceanology, is the study of the physical and the biological aspects of the ocean. The professionals who are specialised in the field are called oceanographers.

Oceanography has many disciplines.

  • Physical Oceanography or marine physics, studies the ocean's physical attributes including temperature-salinity structure, mixing, surface waves, internal waves, surface tides, internal tides, and currents.
  • Chemical Oceanography the study of the chemistry of the ocean. 
  • Biological Oceanography deals with the ecology of marine organisms in the context of the physical, chemical, and geological characteristics of their ocean environment and the biology of individual marine organisms.
  • Geological Oceanography or marine geology, is the study of the geology of the ocean floor including plate tectonics and paleoceanography.

To become an oceanographer, one require a Master of Science (M.Sc.) or a doctoral degree (PhD) in oceanography, marine biology, biochemistry or hydrogeology.
Oceanography covers a wide range of topics, including marine life and ecosystems, ocean circulation, plate tectonics and the geology of the sea floor, and the chemical and physical properties of the ocean. Just as there are many specialties within the medical field, there are many disciplines within oceanography.

Many Indian universities/institutions offers postgraduate courses and doctoral degree in oceanography.
Major Universities and courses are listed below

Cochin University of Science and Technology

MSc in Marine Biology
B.Sc. degree with any branch of Life Sciences such as Aqua culture, Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Botany, Microbiology, Zoology etc. as a main subject or B.Sc. degree in Fishery Science with atleast 55% marks in the optional subjects..

MSc Marine Geology
 B.Sc degree in Geology / Physics / Chemistry with 60% aggregate marks in optionals.

M. Sc. Marine Geophysics B.Sc degree in Geology / Physics with Mathematics as one of the subjects and at least 60% aggregate marks.

M. Sc.  Oceanography with Physics / Mathematics as the main subject with 55% marks. Those with Mathematics as the main subject should have studied Physics as one of the subsidiaries and vice-versa.

M.Sc Hydrochemistry
B.Sc Degree in Chemistry with Mathematics and Physics as subsidiaries or B.Sc. Degree of any University in Kerala with Polymer Chemistry/ Industrial Chemistry/ Petrochemicals/ Environment and Water Management as the   main subject and Mathematics and Physics/Computer Science as subsidiaries, with a minimum of 55% marks in the respective main subject.

For details click here

Annamalai University
Annamalai University offers two year MSc in Marine Science & Oceanography, Coastal Aquaculture, Marine Biotechnology,Marine Food Technology, Marine Microbiology, Marine Pharmacology and Marine Chemistry
A Five Year Integrated MSc course on Ocean Science & Technology is also offered.
More information at

Bharathidasan University
M.Sc (Marine Biotechnology)
B.Sc with one or more branches of Biology (Allied/ Subsidiary at the Major or Ancillary levels)

Duration : 2 years

M.Phil (Microbial Biotechnology)
P.G. Degree in any branches of Biological Sciences
Duration : 1 Year

Doctoral Programme (Ph.D.)P.G. Degree in any branches of Biological Sciences with a minimum of 55% marks. (for SC/ST: 50% marks)

Berhampur University
Offers M.Sc, M.Phil. and Ph. D/D.Sc. courses in Oceanography and Marine Biology.

Calcutta University
M.Sc. Marine Science:  B.Sc Hons in Bioscience with chemistry as pass subject or chemisty Hons or physics Hons

Ph.D Marine Science : M.Sc in Marine Sciecne or equivalent with NET/RET Qualified

Indian Institute of Technology Delhi
Centre for Atmospheric Sciences, IIT Delhi offers M Tech in Atmospheric - Oceanic Science and Technology

Goa University
Programmes offered by the Department of Marine Sciences:
M. Sc. degree in Marine Sciences
M. Phil. in Marine Sciences

Ph. D. in Marine Sciences
Website :

Mangalore University
 M. Sc. in Marine Geology
M. Sc. in Geoinformatics
Ph. D. in Marine Geology and Geoinformatics.

Andhra University
B.E. Mech. with Marine Engineering elective
B.E. Marine Engineering
M.E. Marine Engineering & Mechanical Handling
M.Sc. Marine Geophysics
M.Sc. Hydrology
M.Sc. Chemistry with Marine Chemistry specialization
M.Sc. Marine Biology and Fisheries
M.Sc. Coastal Aquaculture & Marine Biotechnology
M.Sc. Marine Biotechnology
M.Sc. Marine Geology

University of Madras
M.Sc Ocean Science and Technology


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